Welcome to our HTML tutorial! Let's jump right in.
As an analogy, let's think about your average college-level MLA paper. When you're formatting it on a word processor, you make note of the parts that are the head, title, body, footer, etc.
With this information, we understand how the paper fits together. Furthermore, we adopt certain conventions as to how each page of the entire essay should look. You can think of HTML as the tool that marks these bits and pieces up so that we can identify what they are. Later on, we'll discuss how these identifiers are used to apply styles with CSS.
Keep in mind that HTML's main purpose is to mark the semantics of a document. A common misunderstanding is that HTML is used just to mark up a page up so that we can apply target styles later on.
We'll soon see how HTML is used by search engine bots to identify what a page is about.
HTML works by assigning parts of the page with a "tag". For example, the
<p>tag says "Hey, Mr. Browser, this is a paragraph!".
Tags are enclosed by two sets of brackets
< >. The first set, or the start tag, look like
<head>, while end tags are exactly the same with a
/ preceding the tag name -
</head>. The content goes in between the start and end tags.
Some tags, such as
<br>, which stand for a line break, have no end tag. These are called void (or empty) elements.
Sometimes you'll see void elements with a /, such as
This is remnant of XHTML syntax. XHTML is a version of HTML that adopted a stricter convention and forced developers to include a "/" on all tags.
In this tutorial series, we'll be using HTML 5, so there's no need for an extra "/" for void elements.
This book teaches HTML as if it's for anyone - hobbyists, students, and professionals - and it's full-color throughout. It utilizes information graphics and lifestyle photography to explain the topics in a simple way that is engaging. You can progress through the chapters from beginning to end or just dip into topics of particular interest at your leisure.$ Check price
Ever feel achy from sitting crunched up on your computer table? Try lying down with these optical glasses that allow you to work on your laptop while lying flat on your back. This is the perfect solution with those with limited mobility or those who wish to prevent neck cramps and back strains.$ Check price