Before we look at how we apply links, let's find out what URL's are, and how they work.
URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator, which is just a fancy name for an address. Each file on the Internet has a unique URL.
Let's take a look at an example URL:
There are three main parts to this web address: the scheme, host name and path.
The first part of a URL is the scheme. Here, it would be the "http://", which stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol. This is used to access webpages. Another scheme you may have heard of is "https://", which is similar, but for secured connections.
Other schemes include "ftp://", which stands for File Transfer Protocol and is used to download files, while "mailto" is for sending emails.
The second part is the host name, "www.somesite.com". This directs the user to the server where the webpage is hosted.
Next you have your path. Most often this means a path to a specific folder. For example here, we have "file.html" that can be found inside the "folder" directory.
Note that the path does not necessarily have to be a filepath, but could be the developers implementing a pretty-URL. This is a more advanced concept that is handled by a back-end server framework.
Great! Now let's learn how to apply a URL on an HTML page.
This book teaches HTML as if it's for anyone - hobbyists, students, and professionals - and it's full-color throughout. It utilizes information graphics and lifestyle photography to explain the topics in a simple way that is engaging. You can progress through the chapters from beginning to end or just dip into topics of particular interest at your leisure.$ Check price
Ever feel achy from sitting crunched up on your computer table? Try lying down with these optical glasses that allow you to work on your laptop while lying flat on your back. This is the perfect solution with those with limited mobility or those who wish to prevent neck cramps and back strains.$ Check price