Perhaps you only need to upload or download a file from a host, and want the added security features of SSH. We can do so with the
To upload a file, type the command, followed by the file to transfer, then the location.
$ scp sample.txt email@example.com:
Remember to tack on the colon at the end - otherwise you'll find that you simply made a copy of sample.txt in your current directory called firstname.lastname@example.org!
To copy it back to your current directory, simply swap the targets around.
$ scp email@example.com:sample.txt sample.txt
You'll notice that the path following the colon is relative to the home directory (since that's where you are logged in when you
ssh into a host).
$ scp sample.txt firstname.lastname@example.org:Documents/sample.txt
If you want to copy somewhere other than within your home directory, pass an absolute path after the colon.
$ scp init.d email@example.com:/etc/init.d
To copy entire directories, pass the
-r option. Additionally, you can pass in the
-p option to preserve the timestamps and permission settings.
$ scp -rp mail firstname.lastname@example.org
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